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centos6安装setuptools和pip

2015年9月9日

centos6安装setuptools和pip
http://www.centoscn.com/image-text/install/2015/0129/4585.html
1. 下载setuptools及pip的源码包
setuptools与pip都是python的模块
setuptools源码包: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/setuptools
pip源码包: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/pip#downloads
2. 安装setuptools与pip
目前下载的版本是setuptools-12.0.5.tar.gz与pip-6.0.6.tar.gz
用tar命令解压, 格式:tar -xzvf xxxx.tar.gz
先安装setuptools, 进行setuptools的源码根目录下, 执行以下命令进行setuptools模块的安装:
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# python setup.py install
安装完setuptools后, 接着安装pip, 进入pip的源码包根目录下, 执行以下命令进行安装:
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# python setup.py build
# python setup.py install
安装完pip后. 看看pip都安装在哪里. 执行以下命令:
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# whereis pip
然后再执行 # pip 命令并回车, 如果无法用pip命令, 则可通过创建pip软链接, 执行以下命令:
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# ln -s /usr/local/bin/pip /usr/bin/pip
好啦, 检测pip命令是否正常:
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# pip

Usage:
pip <command> [options]

Commands:
install Install packages.
uninstall Uninstall packages.
freeze Output installed packages in requirements format.
list List installed packages.
show Show information about installed packages.
search Search PyPI for packages.
wheel Build wheels from your requirements.
zip DEPRECATED. Zip individual packages.
unzip DEPRECATED. Unzip individual packages.
help Show help for commands.

General Options:
-h, –help Show help.
–isolated Run pip in an isolated mode, ignoring
environment variables and user configuration.
-v, –verbose Give more output. Option is additive, and can be
used up to 3 times.
-V, –version Show version and exit.
-q, –quiet Give less output.
–log <path> Path to a verbose appending log.
–proxy <proxy> Specify a proxy in the form
[user:[email protected]]proxy.server:port.
–retries <retries> Maximum number of retries each connection should
attempt (default 5 times).
–timeout <sec> Set the socket timeout (default 15 seconds).
–exists-action <action> Default action when a path already exists:
(s)witch, (i)gnore, (w)ipe, (b)ackup.
–trusted-host <hostname> Mark this host as trusted, even though it does
not have valid or any HTTPS.
–cert <path> Path to alternate CA bundle.
–client-cert <path> Path to SSL client certificate, a single file
containing the private key and the certificate
in PEM format.
–cache-dir <dir> Store the cache data in <dir>.
–no-cache-dir Disable the cache.
–disable-pip-version-check
Don’t periodically check PyPI to determine
whether a new version of pip is available for
download. Implied with –no-index.
如果不创建软链接, 也可以直接使用pip的路径来执行命令也是可以的, 如下:
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# /usr/local/bin/pip

Usage:
pip <command> [options]

Commands:
install Install packages.
uninstall Uninstall packages.
freeze Output installed packages in requirements format.
list List installed packages.
show Show information about installed packages.
search Search PyPI for packages.
wheel Build wheels from your requirements.
zip DEPRECATED. Zip individual packages.
unzip DEPRECATED. Unzip individual packages.
help Show help for commands.

General Options:
-h, –help Show help.
–isolated Run pip in an isolated mode, ignoring
environment variables and user configuration.
-v, –verbose Give more output. Option is additive, and can be
used up to 3 times.
-V, –version Show version and exit.
-q, –quiet Give less output.
–log <path> Path to a verbose appending log.
–proxy <proxy> Specify a proxy in the form
[user:[email protected]]proxy.server:port.
–retries <retries> Maximum number of retries each connection should
attempt (default 5 times).
–timeout <sec> Set the socket timeout (default 15 seconds).
–exists-action <action> Default action when a path already exists:
(s)witch, (i)gnore, (w)ipe, (b)ackup.
–trusted-host <hostname> Mark this host as trusted, even though it does
not have valid or any HTTPS.
–cert <path> Path to alternate CA bundle.
–client-cert <path> Path to SSL client certificate, a single file
containing the private key and the certificate
in PEM format.
–cache-dir <dir> Store the cache data in <dir>.
–no-cache-dir Disable the cache.
–disable-pip-version-check
Don’t periodically check PyPI to determine
whether a new version of pip is available for
download. Implied with –no-index.
OK, Enjoy it!!!

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